Let’s talk about another important aspect of cybersecurity – the protection of end users and their devices (those who use the program or system). Often it is the end user who accidentally downloads malware to a computer, laptop or smartphone.
How do cybersecurity tools (security programs) help protect end users and their devices?
The security tools use cryptographic protocols that allow you to encrypt e-mail, files and other important data. This mechanism prevents cybercriminals from stealing and intercepting data or gaining access to it.
Solutions that protect end users check their devices for malicious code, quarantine malware and then remove them from the system. Such programs can find and remove malicious code hidden in the master boot record (MBR), and are also able to encrypt or completely erase information on the hard disk.
Security tools detect malware in real time, many of them use heuristic and behavioral analysis – they monitor the actions of the malware and its code. This helps to fight polymorphic and metamorphic malware – viruses and Trojans that can change their structure. Security tools are able to isolate potentially malicious software in a special virtual environment (away from the user’s network), in order to then analyze its behavior and learn how to better recognize new sources of threats.
Cybersecurity professionals look for and analyze new threats, and then develop ways to deal with them. It is important to teach employees how to use security software correctly. In order for protective equipment to perform its functions effectively, they must always be switched on and constantly updated.